Bleeding Gums – Treat & Improve Your Oral Health


Do you usually notice blood in your brush while brushing,  while biting solid foods or any spontaneous bleeding from gums?  

If yes. then scrolling all over your internet  for home remedies wont really help & negligence will cost you even more than just money. So, you should really take care of your Oral health and visit to a nearby Dentist.

The discovery of bleeding gums is always upsetting. While you may fear losing your teeth, the truth is that most cases of bleeding gums arise from issues that are treatable when caught and treated early on.

While a professional oral exam is necessary to determine the true cause of the bleeding, these common reasons for gum irritation are possible culprits that your dentist can help you address. Lets gain some information regarding this

Gum Bleeding

Bleeding gums are the most common symptom of gum disease. But it can also point to other health problems. It indicates the beginning of destructive process involving  process involving the supporting tissue around the tooth or some serious underlying systemic problems & ultimately result in tooth loss.

Causes :

  • Gingivitis
  • Poor oral hygiene & tobacco intake
  • Inadequate plaque control Calculus accumulation.
  • Periodontitis
  • Anticoagulants like coumarin & heparin
  • Self inflicted trauma such as improper flossing and tooth brushing
  • Bleeding and coagulation disorders
  • Vitamin C and K deficiency 
  • Hormonal changes due to pregnancy
  • Chemical irritants such as aspirin.
  • Leukemia.
  • Placement of dentures leading to dental sores and irritation
  • Medical Issues – Certain types of health issues may cause a person to bleed more. For example, someone with anemia (low iron levels) may have bleeding gums every time they floss, even if their mouth is relatively healthy.

Early or advanced stage of gum disease

  • Bleeding gums are most commonly associated with the earliest stage of gum disease called gingivitis.
  • During this stage, plaque that is not removed during your normal tooth brushing routine accumulates beneath the gum line and causes irritation.
  • At this stage, most people only need a professional cleaning combined with stringent home care to get the bleeding under control.
  • If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to more serious bleeding that occurs even without stimulation from a toothbrush or dental floss.
  • While it is best to catch gum disease before it reaches these stages, you can rest assured that treatment is still available to restore your oral health.
  • After a thorough oral exam, your dentist may recommend treatments such as deep cleanings, pocket reductions and special medications to help get the condition under control.
  • Bleeding from your gums should never be considered normal.
  • However, you should be aware that most instances of mild bleeding resolve with proper care.
  • By working with your dentist to find out the reason for the bleeding, you can then implement a treatment plan that preserves your oral health.

Sign & Symptoms

  • Bleeding – Bleeding is usually noticed while brushing the teeth, or in the saliva, while spitting. Eating of any coarse food items may induce bleeding from gums.
  • The gums become soft, spongy and swollen.
  • Pain – Bleeding of the gums may occur with or without associated pain.The pain, if present, is usually dull in nature.
  • Bad breath.
  • Colour changes in gingiva (coral pink to red or pale) and  Metallic pigmentation.
  • Changes in position of gingiva & Gingival recession. 

Treatment & Care :

Applying pressure-

Gum bleeding can be controlled by applying pressure with a gauze pad soaked in ice water directly to the bleeding gums. Local application of some over-the-counter liquid solutions that contain astringents can help control or reduce bleeding of the gums. But long lasting results are obtained only by treating the cause.

Proper dental hygiene –

If long standing inflammation is the cause of bleeding then removal of the source of bacteria will result in improvement of the condition. Proper maintenance of the teeth by the patient is a must.

Vitamins supplements –

For vitamin deficiency, proper diet or vitamin supplements are recommended. Sore and bleeding gums can be aggravated by citrus fruits and juices, rough or spicy food, alcohol, and tobacco. Vitamin C supplements are recommended, if citrus fruits and juices cannot be taken

  • If dentures (artificial teeth) make gums bleed, wear them only during meals.
  • Brush teeth gently (with a soft-bristle toothbrush) after every meal Rinsing the mouth with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water
  • Use a soft toothbrush and brush your teeth for at least two minutes twice a day. Aggressive brushing can further damage the soft tissues of your mouth. It is best if you can brush after every meal.
  • Floss at least once a day and be sure to floss beyond the gum line to remove any remaining plaque.
  • Rinse with warm salt water and avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol, which can dry out your mouth.
  • Stay away from smoking and other tobacco products, which can make bleeding gums worse. –
  • Visit the dentist at least once every 6 months for plaque removal.
  • Avoid aspirin unless your doctor has recommended that you take it.
  • If side effects of any medicine are causing the bleeding gums, ask your doctor to prescribe a different medicine.
  • See your dentist if your dentures or other dental appliances do not fit well and are causing sore spots on your gums.
Upasana Gelal
Dental Student BPKIHS Dharan


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